In the wake of the financial crisis and with the advent of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), federal and state enforcement officials have increasingly scrutinized consumer financial products and services. In many situations, these officials and agencies coordinate to advance common or similar claims and actions. Against this backdrop, we created the Consumer Finance Enforcement Watch blog – the marketplace’s first resource for real-time reporting on the full range of public federal and state consumer finance enforcement activity. Here, you will also find links to enforcement documents, statistics on the volume and nature of enforcement actions as well as reports and comments on significant enforcement trends and issues.

CFPB Settles $25 Million Lawsuit with Debt Settlement Provider

On July 9, 2019, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced that it settled its lawsuit against the nation’s largest debt-settlement services provider for allegedly engaging in deceptive debt-settlement acts or practices. The company agreed to pay $20 million in restitution to affected consumers and a $5 million civil money penalty….

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FTC Sues Credit Repair Companies Over Allegedly Deceptive Marketing Practices


On June 21, 2019, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it had filed a lawsuit against affiliated companies offering services to repair consumers’ damaged credit.  The FTC’s Complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut, alleged that the companies used deceptive marketing campaigns that promised to eliminate derogatory credit from consumers’ credit reports and raise…

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CA DBO Settles with Mortgage Servicer Over Alleged Failure to Pay Escrow Interest

​On June 18, 2019, the California Department of Business Oversight (DBO) announced that it entered into a ​settlement and consent order with a mortgage servicer over an alleged failure to pay interest on ​escrow impound accounts for 94,483​ residential mortgage loans.​  Servicers are required to pay interest on such accounts under…

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CFPB and 45 State AGs Obtain $168 Million in Student Debt Relief

​On June 14, 2019, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced a settlement with a private student loan provider that issued and managed student loans at the now-defunct for-profit ITT Technical Institute. Forty-five states including Kansas, Florida, Nevada, North Carolina, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio, Oregon, and New York also settled with the loan…

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DOJ Settles with Indiana Bank for Alleged Lending Discrimination

On June 13, 2019, the Department of Justice (DOJ) announced​ that it filed a complaint​ and settlement agreement ​in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana resolving allegations against a Midwestern​ bank based in Indiana.  The DOJ alleged that the bank engaged in lending discrimination through “redlining,” or intentionally avoiding providing services in predominantly…

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CFPB Settles with Mortgage Lender for Alleged HMDA Violations

On June 5, 2019, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced​ that it has reached a settlement with one of the nation’s ten largest Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) reporters, a for-profit mortgage lender based in New Jersey.  The consent order resolves alleged violations of the HMDA, 12 U.S.C. §§ 2801–2810, and its implementing​ regulation,…

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