In the wake of the financial crisis and with the advent of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), federal and state enforcement officials have increasingly scrutinized consumer financial products and services. In many situations, these officials and agencies coordinate to advance common or similar claims and actions. Against this backdrop, we created the Consumer Finance Enforcement Watch blog – the marketplace’s first resource for real-time reporting on the full range of public federal and state consumer finance enforcement activity. Here, you will also find links to enforcement documents, statistics on the volume and nature of enforcement actions as well as reports and comments on significant enforcement trends and issues.

Federal Court Halts California-Based Student Debt Relief Scheme at Request of FTC

FTC

On November 20, 2018, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that a federal court issued an injunction to halt and freeze the assets of a California-based student loan debt relief scheme. Two weeks prior​​​, the FTC filed a complaint against the operators of the scheme, alleging deceptive acts and practices in violation of Section 5(a)…

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CFPB Settles Claims That Company Failed to Disclose Auto Loan Add-On and Extension Terms

​On November 20, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced a settlement with a Texas-based financial services company, resolving allegations that the company violated sections 1031 and 1036 of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA), 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531, 5536​. Specifically, the CFPB alleged that the company engaged in deceptive…

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Virginia Attorney General Announces Judgment Against Pension Lender, Securing More than $50 Million in Debt Relief and Penalties

On November 15, 2018, the Virginia Attorney General’s office (“Virginia AG”) announced that it had secured more than $50 million in debt relief and civil penalties as a result of its lawsuit brought under the Virginia Consumer Protection Act against two affiliated loan companies and their owner (the “Defendants”) in…

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U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York Announces Settlement with Credit Union Based on Alleged Violations of the SCRA

On November 2, 2018, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York announced a settlement with a New York based credit union, resolving allegations that the credit union had illegally repossessed cars owned by servicemembers on active duty in violation of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, 50 U.S.C. § 3952 (“SCRA”).  Under…

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First Half of 2018 Sees Significant Decline in Publicly Announced or Publicly Filed Enforcement Activity

During the first half of 2018, Enforcement Watch tracked 40 publicly announced or publicly filed enforcement actions involving consumer financial services companies. The 18 enforcement actions tracked during Q1 2018 represent a substantial decrease from the 46 actions tracked in Q1 2017. That trend continued in Q2 2018, with Enforcement Watch…

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CFPB Announces Settlement with Tennessee Small Dollar Lender

On October 24, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) announced that it had entered into a Consent Order with a Tennessee-based small dollar lender, resolving allegations that the lender had committed deceptive acts and practices in violation of ​the Consumer Financial Protection Act (“CFPA”), 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531, 5536(a)(1)​​(B).  The Consent Order…

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DOJ Settles with Mortgage Lender for $13.2 Million Concerning FHA Mortgage Certifications

​On October 19, the Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that it settled allegations that a Florida-based mortgage lender violated the False Claims Act (FCA) ​by falsely certifying that it complied with Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage insurance requirements for certain loans originated between 2006 and 2011 for $13.2 million. In the lawsuit, which…

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